In the light of the complexities of the symptoms, effects and causes our understanding of this multi-dimensional phenomenon generates, I argue that full eradication of poverty can only be accomplished through a diverse set of individual and collective actions based on a comprehensive series of moral evaluations that present us a correct understanding of the moral requirements for aid and empowerment. These complexities also imply eradication can best be done through collective human action.
I argue that we must re-imagine and revise the goal and purpose of political institutions and reformulate the purposes aid ought to be for. Against a simplistic understanding of aid to assist poor people, I define a conception of aid that embodies moral prerequisites for the eradication of poverty on a sustainable basis. Then I focus on our responsibilities to accurately identify poverty and the goals which any aid aimed at eradicating poverty must serve. Aid for full eradication must include a suite of diverse human interventions that must meaningfully involve everyone: rich and poor, scientific expert and layperson, political leaders and their followers, global institutions and local street committees, highly organised groups and lone individuals, aid givers and aid receivers.
I furthermore look at poverty through the lens of contemporary theories of justice and demonstrate the degree to which poverty could be prevented and fully eradicated if a society has a comprehensive, fully functioning conception of justice. I show how a retrieval of the value of solidarity in politics must play a crucial role in getting rid of poverty permanently. To exemplify this role of solidarity, I present a proposal to re-imagine the governance functions in human society so as to define the state and related institutions, from local to global level, as the crucial instruments to rid society of enduring poverty. I rethink our collective responsibility for poverty by redefining the role of the state and related institutions or organizations, with a local or global focus.
Once we have clarity about political and related institutions and organizations, we can face the issue that poverty often has its roots in past injustices. I thus examine the tricky issue whether we should compensate people who were impoverished by past events. I set out arguments to determine responsibilities for eradicating poverty caused by past injustices. In conclusion I present a brief overview of the broad theory of poverty I develop throughout the book. I indicate how poverty thus understood ought to be eradicated through aid and cooperation guided and motivated by core ethical values I developed through a comprehensive approach to the complexities of poverty.
TABLE OF CONTENTS – POVERTY, ETHICS AND JUSTICE
PART 1–THE COMPLEXITY OF POVERTY AS A MORAL ISSUE
1. Are We One Another’s Keepers Across the Globe?
2. Defining Poverty as Distinctively Human
3. Why the Inequality of Poverty is Morally Wrong
4. Poverty Violates Fundamental Human Values
5. Poverty’s Impact on Human Environments
6. Poverty as Threat to Democratic Values
7. Why Poverty is Such a Complex Affair
PART 2–THE COMPLEXITY OF MORAL WAYS TO ERADICATE POVERTY
8. Ethics for Eradicating Poverty
9. Justice as Poverty Prevention
10. Do We Do This Alone or Together?
11. Re-Imagining Governance to Eradicate Poverty Permanently
12. Compensating for Impoverishing Injustices of the Distant Past
Conclusion: A Theory of Poverty and its Eradication